[Docs] [txt|pdf|xml|html] [Tracker] [WG] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: 00 01

Network Working Group                                             J. Kim
Internet-Draft                                                  J. Jeong
Intended status: Standards Track                 Sungkyunkwan University
Expires: January 3, 2019                                         J. Park
                                                                    ETRI
                                                                S. Hares
                                                                  Q. Lin
                                                                  Huawei
                                                           July 02, 2018


    I2NSF Network Security Function-Facing Interface YANG Data Model
              draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface-dm-01

Abstract

   This document defines a YANG data model corresponding to the
   information model for Network Security Functions (NSF) facing
   interface in Interface to Network Security Functions (I2NSF).  It
   describes a data model for the features provided by generic security
   functions.  This data model provides generic components whose vendors
   is well understood, so that the generic component can be used even if
   it has some vendor specific functions.  These generic functions
   represent a point of interoperability, and can be provided by any
   product that offers the required Capabilities.  Also, if vendors need
   additional features for its network security function, they can add
   the features by extending the YANG data model.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 3, 2019.







Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 1]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  The Structure and Objective of I2NSF Security Policy  . . . .   4
     4.1.  I2NSF Security Policy Rule  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.2.  Event Clause  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.3.  Condition Clause  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     4.4.  Action Clause . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Data Model Structure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.1.  I2NSF Security Policy Rule  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.2.  Event Clause  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.3.  Condition Clause  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.4.  Action Clause . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   6.  YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     6.1.  IETF NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Module  . . . . . . .  12
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  46
   8.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  46
   9.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  47
   10. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  47
     10.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  47
     10.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  47
   Appendix A.  Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface-
                dm-01  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  49
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  49

1.  Introduction

   This document defines a YANG [RFC6020] data model for the
   configuration of security services with the information model for
   Network Security Functions (NSF) facing interface in Interface to



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 2]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   Network Security Functions (I2NSF).  It provides a specific
   information model and the corresponding data models for generic
   network security functions (i.e., network security functions), as
   defined in [i2nsf-nsf-cap-im].  With these data model, I2NSF
   controller can control the capabilities of NSFs.

   The "Event-Condition-Action" (ECA) policy model is used as the basis
   for the design of I2NSF Policy Rules.

   The "ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface" YANG module defined in this
   document provides the following features:

   o  configuration of I2NSF security policy rule for generic network
      security function policy

   o  configuration of event clause for generic network security
      function policy

   o  configuration of condition clause for generic network security
      function policy

   o  configuration of action clause for generic network security
      function policy

2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  Terminology

   This document uses the terminology described in
   [i2nsf-nsf-cap-im][i2rs-rib-data-model][supa-policy-info-model].
   Especially, the following terms are from [supa-policy-info-model]:

   o  Data Model: A data model is a representation of concepts of
      interest to an environment in a form that is dependent on data
      repository, data definition language, query language,
      implementation language, and protocol.

   o  Information Model: An information model is a representation of
      concepts of interest to an environment in a form that is
      independent of data repository, data definition language, query
      language, implementation language, and protocol.






Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 3]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


3.1.  Tree Diagrams

   A simplified graphical representation of the data model is used in
   this document.  The meaning of the symbols in these diagrams
   [i2rs-rib-data-model] is as follows:

   o  Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys.

   o  Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration
      (read-write) and "ro" state data (read-only).

   o  Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node and "*"
      denotes a "list" and "leaf-list".

   o  Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
      marked with a colon (":").

   o  Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not
      shown.

4.  The Structure and Objective of I2NSF Security Policy

4.1.  I2NSF Security Policy Rule

   This shows a policy rule for generic network security functions.  The
   object of a policy rule is defined as policy information and rule
   information.  This includes ECA Policy Rule such as Event Clause
   Objects, Condition Clause Objects, Action Clause Objects, Resolution
   Strategy, and Default Action.

4.2.  Event Clause

   This shows an event clause for generic network security functions.
   An Event is any important occurrence in time of a change in the
   system being managed, and/or in the environment of the system being
   managed.  When used in the context of I2NSF Policy Rules, it is used
   to determine whether the Condition clause of the I2NSF Policy Rule
   can be evaluated or not.  The object of an event clauses is defined
   as user security event, device security event, system security event,
   and time security event.  The objects of event clauses can be
   extended according to specific vendor event features.

4.3.  Condition Clause

   This shows a condition clause for generic network security functions.
   A condition is defined as a set of attributes, features, and/or
   values that are to be compared with a set of known attributes,
   features, and/or values in order to determine whether or not the set



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 4]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   of Actions in that (imperative) I2NSF Policy Rule can be executed or
   not.  These objects are defined as packet security condition, packet
   payload security condition, target security condition, user security
   condition, context condition, and generic context condition.  The
   objects of action clauses can be extended according to specific
   vendor condition features.

4.4.  Action Clause

   This shows an action clause for generic network security functions.
   An action is used to control and monitor aspects of flow-based NSFs
   when the event and condition clauses are satisfied.  NSFs provide
   security functions by executing various Actions.  The object of an
   action clause is defined as ingress action, egress action, and apply
   profile action.  The objects of action clauses can be extended
   according to specific vendor action features.

5.  Data Model Structure

   This section shows a data model structure tree of generic network
   security functions that are defined in the [i2nsf-nsf-cap-im].

   o  Consideration of ECA Policy Model by Aggregating the Event,
      Condition, and Action Clauses Objects.

   o  Consideration of Capability Algebra.

   o  Consideration of NSFs Capability Categories (i.e., Network
      Security, Content Security, and Attack Mitigation Capabilities).

   o  Definitions for Network Security Event Class, Network Security
      Condition Class, and Network Security Action Class.

5.1.  I2NSF Security Policy Rule

   The data model for the identification of network security policy has
   the following structure:

   module: ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf
   +--rw i2nsf-security-policy
   |  +--rw policy-name?           string
   |  +--rw rules* [rule-name]
   |  |  +--rw rule-name                          string
   |  |  +--rw rule-description?                  string
   |  |  +--rw rule-priority?                     uint8
   |  |  +--rw enable?                            boolean
   |  |  +--rw session-aging-time?                uint16
   |  |  +--rw long-connection



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 5]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   |  |  |  +--rw enable?   boolean
   |  |  |  +--rw during?   uint16
   |  |  +--rw policy-event-clause-agg-ptr*       instance-identifier
   |  |  +--rw policy-condition-clause-agg-ptr*   instance-identifier
   |  |  +--rw policy-action-clause-agg-ptr*      instance-identifier
   |  |  +--rw time-zone
   |  |     +--rw absolute-time-zone
   |  |     |  +--rw time
   |  |     |  |  +--rw start-time?   yang:date-and-time
   |  |     |  |  +--rw end-time?     yang:date-and-time
   |  |     |  +--rw date
   |  |     |     +--rw absolute-date?   yang:date-and-time
   |  |     +--rw periodic-time-zone
   |  |        +--rw day
   |  |        |  +--rw sunday?      boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw monday?      boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw tuesday?     boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw wednesday?   boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw thursday?    boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw friday?      boolean
   |  |        |  +--rw saturday?    boolean
   |  |        +--rw month
   |  |           +--rw january?     boolean
   |  |           +--rw february?    boolean
   |  |           +--rw march?       boolean
   |  |           +--rw april?       boolean
   |  |           +--rw may?         boolean
   |  |           +--rw june?        boolean
   |  |           +--rw july?        boolean
   |  |           +--rw august?      boolean
   |  |           +--rw september?   boolean
   |  |           +--rw october?     boolean
   |  |           +--rw november?    boolean
   |  |           +--rw december?    boolean
   |  +--rw resolution-strategy
   |  |  +--rw (resolution-strategy-type)?
   |  |     +--:(fmr)
   |  |     |  +--rw first-matching-rule?   boolean
   |  |     +--:(lmr)
   |  |        +--rw last-matching-rule?    boolean
   |  +--rw default-action
   |  |  +--rw default-action-type?   boolean
   |  +--rw rule-group
   |     +--rw groups* [group-name]
   |        +--rw group-name     string
   |        +--rw rule-range
   |        |  +--rw start-rule?   string
   |        |  +--rw end-rule?     string



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 6]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   |        +--rw enable?        boolean
   |        +--rw description?   string
   +--rw event-clause-container
   |  ...
   +--rw condition-clause-container
   |  ...
   +--rw action-clause-container
      ...


        Figure 1: Data Model Structure for Network Security Policy
                              Identification

5.2.  Event Clause

   The data model for event rule has the following structure:

   module: ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf
   +--rw i2nsf-security-policy* [policy-name]
   |     ...
   |  +--rw eca-policy-rules* [rule-id]
   |     ...
   |  +--rw resolution-strategy
   |     ...
   |  +--rw default-action
   |     ...
   +--rw event-clause-container
   |  +--rw event-clause-list* [eca-object-id]
   |     +--rw entity-class?        identityref
   |     +--rw eca-object-id        string
   |     +--rw description?              string
   |     +--rw sec-event-content    string
   |     +--rw sec-event-format     sec-event-format
   |     +--rw sec-event-type       string
   +--rw condition-clause-container
   |  ...
   +--rw action-clause-container
      ...

               Figure 2: Data Model Structure for Event Rule

   These objects are defined as user security event, device security
   event, system security event, and time security event.  These objects
   can be extended according to specific vendor event features.  We will
   add additional event objects for more generic network security
   functions.





Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 7]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


5.3.  Condition Clause

   The data model for condition rule has the following structure:

module: ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf
+--rw i2nsf-security-policy* [policy-name]
|     ...
|  +--rw eca-policy-rules* [rule-id]
|     ...
|  +--rw resolution-strategy
|     ...
|  +--rw default-action
|     ...
+--rw event-clause-container
|  ...
+--rw condition-clause-container
|  +--rw condition-clause-list* [eca-object-id]
|     +--rw entity-class?                identityref
|     +--rw eca-object-id                string
|     +--rw packet-security-condition
|     |  +--rw packet-description?               string
|     |  +--rw packet-security-mac-condition
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-mac-dest*         yang:phys-address
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-mac-src*          yang:phys-address
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-mac-8021q*        string
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-mac-ether-type*   string
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-mac-tci*          string
|     |  +--rw packet-security-ipv4-condition
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-header-length*     uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-tos*               uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-total-length*      uint16
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-id*                uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-fragment*          uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-fragment-offset*   uint16
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-ttl*               uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-protocol*          uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-src*               inet:ipv4-address
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-dest*              inet:ipv4-address
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-ipopts?            string
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-sameip?            boolean
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-geoip*             string
|     |  +--rw packet-security-ipv6-condition
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-dscp*             string
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-ecn*              string
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-traffic-class*    uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-flow-label*       uint32
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-payload-length*   uint16
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-next-header*      uint8



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 8]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-hop-limit*        uint8
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-src*              inet:ipv6-address
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-dest*             inet:ipv6-address
|     |  +--rw packet-security-tcp-condition
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-src-port*      inet:port-number
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-dest-port*     inet:port-number
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-seq-num*       uint32
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-ack-num*       uint32
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-window-size*   uint16
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-tcp-flags*         uint8
|     |  +--rw packet-security-udp-condition
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-udp-src-port*    inet:port-number
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-udp-dest-port*   inet:port-number
|     |  |  +--rw pkt-sec-cond-udp-length*      string
|     |  +--rw packet-security-icmp-condition
|     |     +--rw pkt-sec-cond-icmp-type*      uint8
|     |     +--rw pkt-sec-cond-icmp-code*      uint8
|     |     +--rw pkt-sec-cond-icmp-seg-num*   uint32
|     +--rw packet-payload-condition
|     |  +--rw packet-payload-description?   string
|     |  +--rw pkt-payload-content*          string
|     +--rw acl-number?                  uint32
|     +--rw application-condition
|     |  +--rw application-description?   string
|     |  +--rw application-object*        string
|     |  +--rw application-group*         string
|     |  +--rw application-label*         string
|     |  +--rw category
|     |     +--rw application-category* [name application-subcategory]
|     |        +--rw name                       string
|     |        +--rw application-subcategory    string
|     +--rw target-condition
|     |  +--rw target-description?        string
|     |  +--rw device-sec-context-cond
|     |     +--rw pc?                 boolean
|     |     +--rw mobile-phone?       boolean
|     |     +--rw voip-volte-phone?   boolean
|     |     +--rw tablet?             boolean
|     |     +--rw iot?                boolean
|     |     +--rw vehicle?            boolean
|     +--rw users-condition
|     |  +--rw users-description?   string
|     |  +--rw user
|     |  |  +--rw (user-name)?
|     |  |     +--:(tenant)
|     |  |     |  +--rw tenant    uint8
|     |  |     +--:(vn-id)
|     |  |        +--rw vn-id     uint8



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019                [Page 9]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


|     |  +--rw group
|     |  |  +--rw (group-name)?
|     |  |     +--:(tenant)
|     |  |     |  +--rw tenant    uint8
|     |  |     +--:(vn-id)
|     |  |        +--rw vn-id     uint8
|     |  +--rw security-grup        string
|     +--rw url-category-condition
|     |  +--rw pre-defined-category*    string
|     |  +--rw user-defined-category*   string
|     +--rw context-condition
|     |  +--rw context-description?   string
|     +--rw gen-context-condition
|        +--rw gen-context-description?   string
|        +--rw geographic-location
|           +--rw src-geographic-location*    uint32
|           +--rw dest-geographic-location*   uint32
+--rw action-clause-container
   ...

             Figure 3: Data Model Structure for Condition Rule

   These objects are defined as packet security condition, packet
   payload security condition, target security condition, user security
   condition, context condition, and generic context condition.  These
   objects can be extended according to specific vendor condition
   features.  We will add additional condition objects for more generic
   network security functions.

5.4.  Action Clause

   The data model for action rule has the following structure:

   module: ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf
   +--rw i2nsf-security-policy* [policy-name]
   |     ...
   |  +--rw eca-policy-rules* [rule-id]
   |     ...
   |  +--rw resolution-strategy
   |     ...
   |  +--rw default-action
   |     ...
   +--rw event-clause-container
   |  ...
   +--rw condition-clause-container
   |  ...
   +--rw action-clause-container
      +--rw action-clause-list* [eca-object-id]



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 10]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


         +--rw entity-class?     identityref
         +--rw eca-object-id     string
         +--rw rule-log?         boolean
         +--rw session-log?      boolean
         +--rw ingress-action
         |  +--rw ingress-description?   string
         |  +--rw ingress-action-type?   ingress-action
         +--rw egress-action
         |  +--rw egress-description?   string
         |  +--rw egress-action-type?   egress-action
         +--rw apply-profile
            +--rw profile-description?         string
            +--rw content-security-control
            |  +--rw content-security-control-types
            |     +--rw antivirus?             string
            |     +--rw ips?                   string
            |     +--rw ids?                   string
            |     +--rw url-filtering?         string
            |     +--rw data-filtering?        string
            |     +--rw mail-filtering?        string
            |     +--rw file-blocking?         string
            |     +--rw file-isolate?          string
            |     +--rw pkt-capture?           string
            |     +--rw application-control?   string
            |     +--rw voip-volte?            string
            +--rw attack-mitigation-control
               +--rw ddos-attack
               |  +--rw ddos-attack-type
               |     +--rw network-layer-ddos-attack
               |     |  +--rw network-layer-ddos-attack-type
               |     |     +--rw syn-flood?       string
               |     |     +--rw udp-flood?       string
               |     |     +--rw icmp-flood?      string
               |     |     +--rw ip-frag-flood?   string
               |     |     +--rw ipv6-related?    string
               |     +--rw app-layer-ddos-attack
               |        +--rw app-ddos-attack-types
               |           +--rw http-flood?      string
               |           +--rw https-flood?     string
               |           +--rw dns-flood?       string
               |           +--rw dns-amp-flood?   string
               |           +--rw ssl-ddos?        string
               +--rw single-packet-attack
                  +--rw single-packet-attack-type
                     +--rw scan-and-sniff-attack
                     |  +--rw scan-and-sniff-attack-types
                     |     +--rw ip-sweep?        string
                     |     +--rw port-scanning?   string



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 11]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                     +--rw malformed-packet-attack
                     |  +--rw malformed-packet-attack-types
                     |     +--rw ping-of-death?   string
                     |     +--rw teardrop?        string
                     +--rw special-packet-attack
                        +--rw special-packet-attack-types
                           +--rw oversized-icmp?   string
                           +--rw tracert?          string

              Figure 4: Data Model Structure for Action Rule

   These objects are defined as ingress action, egress action, and apply
   profile action.  These objects can be extended according to specific
   vendor action feature.  We will add additional action objects for
   more generic network security functions.

6.  YANG Module

6.1.  IETF NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Module

   This section introduces a YANG module for the information model of
   network security functions, as defined in the [i2nsf-nsf-cap-im].

<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf@2018-07-02.yang"

module ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf {
  yang-version 1.1;
  namespace
    "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-i2nsf-policy-rule-for-nsf";
  prefix
    policy-rule-for-nsf;

  import ietf-inet-types{
    prefix inet;
  }
  import ietf-yang-types{
    prefix yang;
  }

  organization
    "IETF I2NSF (Interface to Network Security Functions)
     Working Group";

  contact
    "WG Web: <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/i2nsf>
     WG List: <mailto:i2nsf@ietf.org>

     WG Chair: Adrian Farrel



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 12]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


     <mailto:Adrain@olddog.co.uk>

     WG Chair: Linda Dunbar
     <mailto:Linda.duhbar@huawei.com>

     Editor: Jingyong Tim Kim
     <mailto:timkim@skku.edu>

     Editor: Jaehoon Paul Jeong
     <mailto:pauljeong@skku.edu>

     Editor: Susan Hares
     <mailto:shares@ndzh.com>";

  description
    "This module defines a YANG data module for network security
     functions.";
  revision "2018-07-02"{
    description "The fourth revision";
    reference
      "draft-ietf-i2nsf-capability-00";
  }

  typedef sec-event-format {
      type enumeration {
        enum unknown {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is unknown";
        }
        enum guid {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is GUID
              (Generic Unique IDentifier)";
        }
        enum uuid {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is UUID
              (Universal Unique IDentifier)";
        }
        enum uri {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is URI
              (Uniform Resource Identifier)";
        }
        enum fqdn {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is FQDN
              (Fully Qualified Domain Name)";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 13]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


        }
        enum fqpn {
            description
              "If SecEventFormat is FQPN
              (Fully Qualified Path Name)";
        }
      }
      description
        "This is used for SecEventFormat.";
  }

  typedef ingress-action {
      type enumeration {
        enum pass {
            description
              "If ingress action is pass";
        }
        enum drop {
            description
              "If ingress action is drop";
        }
        enum reject {
            description
              "If ingress action is reject";
        }
        enum alert {
            description
              "If ingress action is alert";
        }
        enum mirror {
            description
              "If ingress action is mirror";
        }
      }
      description
        "This is used for ingress action.";
  }

  typedef egress-action {
      type enumeration {
        enum invoke-signaling {
            description
              "If egress action is invoke signaling";
        }
        enum tunnel-encapsulation {
            description
              "If egress action is tunnel encapsulation";
        }



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 14]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


        enum forwarding {
            description
              "If egress action is forwarding";
        }
        enum redirection {
            description
              "If egress action is redirection";
        }
      }
      description
        "This is used for egress action.";
  }

  identity ECA-OBJECT-TYPE {
    description "TBD";
  }

  identity ECA-EVENT-TYPE {
    base ECA-OBJECT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

  identity ECA-CONDITION-TYPE {
    base ECA-OBJECT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

  identity ECA-ACTION-TYPE {
    base ECA-OBJECT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

   identity EVENT-USER-TYPE {
    base ECA-EVENT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

   identity EVENT-DEV-TYPE {
    base ECA-EVENT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

   identity EVENT-SYS-TYPE {
    base ECA-EVENT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }

   identity EVENT-TIME-TYPE {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 15]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


    base ECA-EVENT-TYPE;
    description "TBD";
  }


  grouping i2nsf-eca-object-type {
    leaf entity-class {
      type identityref {
        base ECA-OBJECT-TYPE;
      }
      description "TBD";
    }
    leaf eca-object-id {
        type string;
        description "TBD";
    }
    description "TBD";
  }

  grouping i2nsf-event-type {
      description "TBD";
      leaf description {
        type string;
        description
          "This is description for event.
          Vendors can write instructions for event
          that vendor made";
      }

      leaf sec-event-content {
        type string;
        mandatory true;
        description
         "This is a mandatory string that contains the content
          of the SecurityEvent. The format of the content
          is specified in the SecEventFormat class
          attribute, and the type of event is defined in the
          SecEventType class attribute. An example of the
          SecEventContent attribute is a string hrAdmin,
          with the SecEventFormat set to 1 (GUID) and the
          SecEventType attribute set to 5 (new logon).";
      }

      leaf sec-event-format {
        type sec-event-format;
        mandatory true;
        description
         "This is a mandatory uint 8 enumerated integer, which



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 16]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


          is used to specify the data type of the
          SecEventContent attribute. The content is
          specified in the SecEventContent class attribute,
          and the type of event is defined in the
          SecEventType class attribute. An example of the
          SecEventContent attribute is string hrAdmin,
          with the SecEventFormat attribute set to 1 (GUID)
          and the SecEventType attribute set to 5
          (new logon).";
      }

      leaf sec-event-type {
        type string;
        mandatory true;
        description
         "This is a mandatory uint 8 enumerated integer, which
          is used to specify the type of event that involves
          this user. The content and format are specified in
          the SecEventContent and SecEventFormat class
          attributes, respectively. An example of the
          SecEventContent attribute is string hrAdmin,
          with the SecEventFormat attribute set to 1 (GUID)
          and the SecEventType attribute set to 5
         (new logon).";
      }

 }


  container i2nsf-security-policy {
    description
      "policy is a container
       including a set of security rules according to certain logic,
       i.e., their similarity or mutual relations, etc. The network
       security policy is able to apply over both the unidirectional
       and bidirectional traffic across the NSF.";

      leaf policy-name {
        type string;
        description
          "The name of the policy.
           This must be unique.";
      }

      list rules {
        key "rule-name";
        description
          "This is a rule for network security functions.";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 17]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


        leaf rule-name {
          type string;
          mandatory true;
          description
            "The id of the rule.
             This must be unique.";
        }

        leaf rule-description {
          type string;
          description
            "This description gives more information about
             rules.";
        }

        leaf rule-priority {
          type uint8;
          description
            "The priority keyword comes with a mandatory
             numeric value which can range from 1 till 255.";
        }

        leaf enable {
          type boolean;
          description
            "True is enable.
             False is not enbale.";
        }

        leaf session-aging-time {
          type uint16;
          description
            "This is session aging time.";
        }

        container long-connection {
          description
            "This is long-connection";

          leaf enable {
            type boolean;
            description
              "True is enable.
               False is not enbale.";
          }

          leaf during {
            type uint16;



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 18]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


            description
              "This is during time.";
          }
        }


        leaf-list policy-event-clause-agg-ptr {
            type instance-identifier;
            must 'derived-from-or-self (/event-clause-container/
            event-clause-list/entity-class, "ECA-EVENT-TYPE")';
            description
                "TBD";
        }
        leaf-list policy-condition-clause-agg-ptr {
            type instance-identifier;
            must 'derived-from-or-self (/condition-clause-container/
            condition-clause-list/entity-class, "ECA-CONDITION-TYPE")';
            description
                "TBD";
        }
        leaf-list policy-action-clause-agg-ptr {
            type instance-identifier;
            must 'derived-from-or-self (/action-clause-container/
            action-clause-list/entity-class, "ECA-ACTION-TYPE")';
            description
                "TBD";
        }

        container time-zone {
          description
            "This can be used to apply rules according to time-zone";
          container absolute-time-zone {
            description
            "This can be used to apply rules according to
             absolute-time";
            container time {
              description
                "This can be used to apply rules according to time";
              leaf start-time {
                type yang:date-and-time;
                description
                  "This is start time for time zone";
              }
              leaf end-time {
                type yang:date-and-time;
                description
                  "This is end time for time zone";
              }



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 19]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


            }
            container date {
              description
                "This can be used to apply rules according to date";
              leaf absolute-date {
                type yang:date-and-time;
                description
                  "This is absolute date for time zone";
              }
            }
          }
          container periodic-time-zone {
            description
             "This can be used to apply rules according to
             periodic-time-zone";
            container day {
              description
               "This can be used to apply rules according
                to periodic day";
              leaf sunday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is sunday for periodic day";
              }
              leaf monday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is monday for periodic day";
              }
              leaf tuesday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is tuesday for periodic day";
              }
              leaf wednesday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is wednesday for periodic day";
              }
              leaf thursday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is thursday for periodic day";
              }
              leaf friday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is friday for periodic day";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 20]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


              }
              leaf saturday {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is saturday for periodic day";
              }
            }
            container month {
              description
               "This can be used to apply rules according
                to periodic month";
              leaf january {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is january for periodic month";
              }
              leaf february {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is february for periodic month";
              }
              leaf march {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is march for periodic month";
              }
              leaf april {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is april for periodic month";
              }
              leaf may {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is may for periodic month";
              }
              leaf june {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is june for periodic month";
              }
              leaf july {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is july for periodic month";
              }
              leaf august {
                type boolean;



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 21]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                description
                  "This is august for periodic month";
              }
              leaf september {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is september for periodic month";
              }
              leaf october {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is october for periodic month";
              }
              leaf november {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is november for periodic month";
              }
              leaf december {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "This is december for periodic month";
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }

        container resolution-strategy {
          description
            "The resolution strategies can be used to
            specify how to resolve conflicts that occur between
            the actions of the same or different policy rules that
            are matched and contained in this particular NSF";


          choice resolution-strategy-type {
            description
              "Vendors can use YANG data model to configure rules";

            case fmr {
              leaf first-matching-rule {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If the resolution strategy is first matching rule";
              }
            }
            case lmr {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 22]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


              leaf last-matching-rule {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If the resolution strategy is last matching rule";
              }
            }

          }
        }

        container default-action {
          description
            "This default action can be used to specify a predefined
            action when no other alternative action was matched
            by the currently executing I2NSF Policy Rule. An analogy
            is the use of a default statement in a C switch statement.";

          leaf default-action-type {
            type boolean;
            description
              "True is permit
               False is deny.";
          }
        }


        container rule-group {
          description
            "This is rule group";

          list groups {
            key "group-name";
            description
              "This is a group for rules";

            leaf group-name {
              type string;
              description
                "This is a group for rules";
            }

            container rule-range {
              description
                "This is a rule range.";

              leaf start-rule {
                type string;
                description



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 23]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  "This is a start rule";
              }
              leaf end-rule {
                type string;
                description
                  "This is a end rule";
              }
            }
            leaf enable {
              type boolean;
              description
                "This is enable
                 False is not enable.";
            }
            leaf description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is a desription for rule-group";
            }
          }
        }
      }

    container event-clause-container {
      description "TBD";
      list event-clause-list {
      key eca-object-id;
      uses i2nsf-eca-object-type {
        refine entity-class {
            default ECA-EVENT-TYPE;
        }
      }

      description
        " This is abstract. An event is defined as any important
          occurrence in time of a change in the system being
          managed, and/or in the environment of the system being
          managed. When used in the context of policy rules for
          a flow-based NSF, it is used to determine whether the
          Condition clause of the Policy Rule can be evaluated
          or not. Examples of an I2NSF event include time and
          user actions (e.g., logon, logoff, and actions that
          violate any ACL.).";

       uses i2nsf-event-type;
       }
    }
      container condition-clause-container {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 24]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


      description "TBD";
      list condition-clause-list {
        key eca-object-id;
        uses i2nsf-eca-object-type {
            refine entity-class {
                default ECA-CONDITION-TYPE;
            }
        }
        description
          " This is abstract.  A condition is defined as a set
          of attributes, features, and/or values that are to be
          compared with a set of known attributes, features,
          and/or values in order to determine whether or not the
          set of Actions in that (imperative) I2NSF Policy Rule
          can be executed or not. Examples of I2NSF Conditions
          include matching attributes of a packet or flow, and
          comparing the internal state of an NSF to a desired
          state.";

          container packet-security-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf packet-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for packet condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for packet condition
                that vendor made";
            }

            container packet-security-mac-condition {
              description
               "The purpose of this Class is to represent packet MAC
               packet header information that can be used as part of
               a test to determine if the set of Policy Actions in
               this ECA Policy Rule should be execute or not.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-mac-dest {
                type yang:phys-address;
                description
                  "The MAC destination address (6 octets long).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-mac-src {
                type yang:phys-address;
                description
                  "The MAC source address (6 octets long).";
              }



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 25]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-mac-8021q {
                type string;
                description
                  "This is an optional string attribute, and defines
                   The 802.1Q tab value (2 octets long).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-mac-ether-type {
                type string;
                description
                  "The EtherType field (2 octets long). Values up to
                   and including 1500 indicate the size of the
                   payload in octets; values of 1536 and above
                   define which protocol is encapsulated in the
                   payload of the frame.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-mac-tci {
                type string;
                description
                 "This is an optional string attribute, and defines
                  the Tag Control Information. This consists of a 3
                  bit user priority field, a drop eligible indicator
                  (1 bit), and a VLAN identifier (12 bits).";
              }
            }

            container packet-security-ipv4-condition {
              description
                "The purpose of this Class is to represent IPv4
                 packet header information that can be used as
                 part of a test to determine if the set of Policy
                 Actions in this ECA Policy Rule should be executed
                 or not.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-header-length {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "The IPv4 packet header consists of 14 fields,
                   of which 13 are required.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-tos {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "The ToS field could specify a datagram's priority
                   and request a route for low-delay,
                   high-throughput, or highly-reliable service..";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 26]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-total-length {
                type uint16;
                description
                  "This 16-bit field defines the entire packet size,
                   including header and data, in bytes.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-id {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "This field is an identification field and is
                   primarily used for uniquely identifying
                   the group of fragments of a single IP datagram.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-fragment {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "IP fragmentation is an Internet Protocol (IP)
                   process that breaks datagrams into smaller pieces
                   (fragments), so that packets may be formed that
                   can pass through a link with a smaller maximum
                   transmission unit (MTU) than the original
                   datagram size.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-fragment-offset {
                type uint16;
                description
                  "Fragment offset field along with Don't Fragment
                   and More Fragment flags in the IP protocol
                   header are used for fragmentation and reassembly
                   of IP datagrams.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-ttl {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "The ttl keyword is used to check for a specific
                   IP time-to-live value in the header of
                   a packet.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-protocol {
                type uint8;
                description



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 27]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  "Internet Protocol version 4(IPv4) is the fourth
                   version of the Internet Protocol (IP).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-src {
                type inet:ipv4-address;
                description
                  "Defines the IPv4 Source Address.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-dest {
                type inet:ipv4-address;
                description
                  "Defines the IPv4 Destination Address.";
              }

              leaf pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-ipopts {
                type string;
                description
                  "With the ipopts keyword you can check if
                   a specific ip option is set. Ipopts has
                   to be used at the beginning of a rule.";
              }

              leaf pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-sameip {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "Every packet has a source IP-address and
                   a destination IP-address. It can be that
                   the source IP is the same as
                   the destination IP.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv4-geoip {
                type string;
                description
                  "The geoip keyword enables you to match on
                   the source, destination or source and destination
                   IP addresses of network traffic and to see to
                   which country it belongs. To do this, Suricata
                   uses GeoIP API with MaxMind database format.";
              }
            }

            container packet-security-ipv6-condition {
              description
                 "The purpose of this Class is to represent packet
                 IPv6 packet header information that can be used as



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 28]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                 part of a test to determine if the set of Policy
                 Actions in this ECA Policy Rule should be executed
                 or not.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-dscp {
                type string;
                description
                  "Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP)
                   of ipv6.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-ecn {
                type string;
                description
                  "ECN allows end-to-end notification of network
                   congestion without dropping packets.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-traffic-class {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "The bits of this field hold two values. The 6
                   most-significant bits are used for
                   differentiated services, which is used to
                   classify packets.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-flow-label {
                type uint32;
                description
                  "The flow label when set to a non-zero value
                   serves as a hint to routers and switches
                   with multiple outbound paths that these
                   packets should stay on the same path so that
                   they will not be reordered.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-payload-length {
                type uint16;
                description
                  "The size of the payload in octets,
                   including any extension headers.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-next-header {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "Specifies the type of the next header.



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 29]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                   This field usually specifies the transport
                   layer protocol used by a packet's payload.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-hop-limit {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "Replaces the time to live field of IPv4.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-src {
                type inet:ipv6-address;
                description
                  "The IPv6 address of the sending node.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-ipv6-dest {
                type inet:ipv6-address;
                description
                  "The IPv6 address of the destination node(s).";
              }
            }

            container packet-security-tcp-condition {
              description
                "The purpose of this Class is to represent packet
                 TCP packet header information that can be used as
                 part of a test to determine if the set of Policy
                 Actions in this ECA Policy Rule should be executed
                 or not.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-src-port {
                type inet:port-number;
                description
                  "This is a mandatory string attribute, and
                  defines the Source Port number (16 bits).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-dest-port {
                type inet:port-number;
                description
                  "This is a mandatory string attribute, and
                  defines the Destination Port number (16 bits).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-seq-num {
                type uint32;
                description



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 30]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  "If the SYN flag is set (1), then this is the
                   initial sequence number.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-ack-num {
                type uint32;
                description
                  "If the ACK flag is set then the value of this
                   field is the next sequence number that the sender
                   is expecting.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-window-size {
                type uint16;
                description
                  "The size of the receive window, which specifies
                   the number of windows size units
                   (by default,bytes) (beyond the segment
                   identified by the sequence number in the
                   acknowledgment field) that the sender of this
                   segment is currently willing to recive.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-tcp-flags {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "This is a mandatory string attribute, and defines
                   the nine Control bit flags (9 bits).";
              }
            }

            container packet-security-udp-condition {
              description
               "The purpose of this Class is to represent packet UDP
                packet header information that can be used as part
                of a test to determine if the set of Policy Actions
                in this ECA Policy Rule should be executed or not.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-udp-src-port {
                type inet:port-number;
                description
                  "This is a mandatory string attribute, and
                  defines the UDP Source Port number (16 bits).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-udp-dest-port {
                type inet:port-number;
                description



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 31]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  "This is a mandatory string attribute, and
                  defines the UDP Destination Port number (16 bits).";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-udp-length {
                type string;
                description
                 "This is a mandatory string attribute, and defines
                  the length in bytes of the UDP header and data
                  (16 bits).";
              }
            }

            container packet-security-icmp-condition {
              description
                "The internet control message protocol condition.";

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-icmp-type {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "ICMP type, see Control messages.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-icmp-code {
                type uint8;
                description
                  "ICMP subtype, see Control messages.";
              }

              leaf-list pkt-sec-cond-icmp-seg-num {
                type uint32;
                description
                  "The icmp Sequence Number.";
              }
            }
          }

          container packet-payload-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf packet-payload-description {
              type string;
              description
               "This is description for payload condition.
               Vendors can write instructions for payload condition
               that vendor made";
            }
            leaf-list pkt-payload-content {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 32]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


              type string;
              description
                "The content keyword is very important in
                 signatures. Between the quotation marks you
                 can write on what you would like the
                 signature to match.";
            }
          }

          leaf acl-number {
            type uint32;
            description
             "This is acl-number.";
          }

          container application-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf application-description {
              type string;
              description
               "This is description for application condition.";
            }
            leaf-list application-object {
              type string;
              description
                "This is application object.";
            }
            leaf-list application-group {
              type string;
              description
                "This is application group.";
            }
            leaf-list application-label {
              type string;
              description
                "This is application label.";
            }
            container category {
              description
                "TBD";
              list application-category {
                key "name application-subcategory";
                description
                  "TBD";
                leaf name {
                  type string;
                  description



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 33]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                   "This is name for application category.";
                }
                leaf application-subcategory {
                  type string;
                  description
                   "This is application subcategory.";
                }
              }
            }
          }

          container target-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf target-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for target condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for target condition
                that vendor made";
            }

            container device-sec-context-cond {
              description
                "The device attribute that can identify a device,
                 including the device type (i.e., router, switch,
                 pc, ios, or android) and the device's owner as
                 well.";

              leaf pc {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is PC.";
              }

              leaf mobile-phone {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is mobile-phone.";
              }

              leaf voip-volte-phone {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is voip-volte-phone.";
              }

              leaf tablet {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 34]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is tablet.";
              }


              leaf iot {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is Internet of Things.";
              }

              leaf vehicle {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "If type of a device is vehicle.";
              }
            }
          }
          container users-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf users-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for user condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for user condition
                that vendor made";
            }

            container user{
              description
                "The user (or user group) information with which
                 network flow is associated: The user has many
                 attributes such as name, id, password, type,
                 authentication mode and so on. Name/id is often
                 used in the security policy to identify the user.
                 Besides, NSF is aware of the IP address of the
                 user provided by a unified user management system
                 via network. Based on name-address association,
                 NSF is able to enforce the security functions
                 over the given user (or user group)";

              choice user-name {
                description
                  "The name of the user.
                   This must be unique.";




Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 35]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                case tenant {
                  description
                    "Tenant information.";

                  leaf tenant {
                    type uint8;
                    mandatory true;
                    description
                      "User's tenant information.";
                  }
                }

                case vn-id {
                  description
                    "VN-ID information.";

                  leaf vn-id {
                    type uint8;
                    mandatory true;
                    description
                      "User's VN-ID information.";
                  }
                }
              }
            }
            container group {
              description
                "The user (or user group) information with which
                 network flow is associated: The user has many
                 attributes such as name, id, password, type,
                 authentication mode and so on. Name/id is often
                 used in the security policy to identify the user.
                 Besides, NSF is aware of the IP address of the
                 user provided by a unified user management system
                 via network. Based on name-address association,
                 NSF is able to enforce the security functions
                 over the given user (or user group)";

              choice group-name {
                description
                  "The name of the user.
                   This must be unique.";

                case tenant {
                  description
                    "Tenant information.";

                  leaf tenant {



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 36]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                    type uint8;
                    mandatory true;
                    description
                      "User's tenant information.";
                  }
                }

                case vn-id {
                  description
                    "VN-ID information.";

                  leaf vn-id {
                    type uint8;
                    mandatory true;
                    description
                      "User's VN-ID information.";
                  }
                }
              }
            }
            leaf security-grup {
              type string;
              mandatory true;
              description
                "security-grup.";
            }
          }

          container url-category-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf url-category-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for url category condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for context condition
                that vendor made";
            }

            leaf-list pre-defined-category {
              type string;
              description
                "This is pre-defined-category.";
            }
            leaf-list user-defined-category {
              type string;
              description
                "This user-defined-category.";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 37]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


            }
          }

          container context-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf context-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for context condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for context condition
                that vendor made";
            }
          }

          container gen-context-condition {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf gen-context-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for generic context condition.
                Vendors can write instructions for generic context
                condition that vendor made";
            }

            container geographic-location {
              description
                "The location where network traffic is associated
                 with. The region can be the geographic location
                 such as country, province, and city,
                 as well as the logical network location such as
                 IP address, network section, and network domain.";

              leaf-list src-geographic-location {
                type uint32;
                description
                  "This is mapped to ip address. We can acquire
                   source region through ip address stored the
                   database.";
              }
              leaf-list dest-geographic-location {
                type uint32;
                description
                  "This is mapped to ip address. We can acquire
                   destination region through ip address stored
                   the database.";
              }



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 38]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


            }
          }
       }
      }
      container action-clause-container {
        description "TBD";
        list action-clause-list {
        key eca-object-id;
        uses i2nsf-eca-object-type {
          refine entity-class {
            default ECA-ACTION-TYPE;
          }
        }
        description
          "An action is used to control and monitor aspects of
           flow-based NSFs when the event and condition clauses
           are satisfied. NSFs provide security functions by
           executing various Actions. Examples of I2NSF Actions
           include providing intrusion detection and/or protection,
           web and flow filtering, and deep packet inspection
           for packets and flows.";

          leaf rule-log {
            type boolean;
            description
              "True is enable
               False is not enable.";
          }
          leaf session-log {
            type boolean;
            description
              "True is enable
               False is not enable.";
          }
          container ingress-action {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf ingress-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for ingress action.
                Vendors can write instructions for ingress action
                that vendor made";
            }
            leaf ingress-action-type {
              type ingress-action;
              description
                "Ingress action type: permit, deny, and mirror.";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 39]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


            }
          }
          container egress-action {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf egress-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for egress action.
                Vendors can write instructions for egress action
                that vendor made";
            }
            leaf egress-action-type {
              type egress-action;
              description
                "Egress-action-type: invoke-signaling,
                 tunnel-encapsulation, and forwarding.";
            }
          }

          container apply-profile {
            description
              "TBD";
            leaf profile-description {
              type string;
              description
                "This is description for apply profile action.
                Vendors can write instructions for apply
                profile action that vendor made";
            }

              container content-security-control {
                description
                 "Content security control is another category of
                 security capabilities applied to application layer.
                 Through detecting the contents carried over the
                 traffic in application layer, these capabilities
                 can realize various security purposes, such as
                 defending against intrusion, inspecting virus,
                 filtering malicious URL or junk email, and blocking
                 illegal web access or data retrieval.";

                container content-security-control-types {
                  description
                   "Content Security types: Antivirus, IPS, IDS,
                    url-filtering, data-filtering, mail-filtering,
                    file-blocking, file-isolate, pkt-capture,
                    application-control, and voip-volte.";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 40]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  leaf antivirus {
                      type string;
                      description
                        "Additional inspection of antivirus.";
                  }

                  leaf ips {
                      type string;
                      description
                        "Additional inspection of IPS.";
                  }

                  leaf ids {
                      type string;
                      description
                        "Additional inspection of IDS.";
                  }

                  leaf url-filtering {
                      type string;
                      description
                        "Additional inspection of URL filtering.";
                  }

                  leaf data-filtering {
                     type string;
                     description
                       "Additional inspection of data filtering.";
                  }

                  leaf mail-filtering {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of mail filtering.";
                  }

                  leaf file-blocking {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of file blocking.";
                  }

                  leaf file-isolate {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of file isolate.";
                  }




Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 41]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                  leaf pkt-capture {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of packet capture.";
                  }

                  leaf application-control {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of app control.";
                  }

                  leaf voip-volte {
                    type string;
                    description
                      "Additional inspection of VoIP/VoLTE.";
                  }
                }
              }

              container attack-mitigation-control {
                description
                  "This category of security capabilities is
                   specially used to detect and mitigate various
                   types of network attacks.";

                  container ddos-attack {
                    description
                      "A distributed-denial-of-service (DDoS) is
                       where the attack source is more than one,
                       often thousands of unique IP addresses.";

                    container ddos-attack-type {
                      description
                        "DDoS-attack types: Network Layer
                        DDoS Attacks and Application Layer
                        DDoS Attacks.";

                      container network-layer-ddos-attack {
                        description
                          "Network layer DDoS-attack.";
                        container network-layer-ddos-attack-type {
                          description
                            "Network layer DDoS attack types:
                             Syn Flood Attack, UDP Flood Attack,
                             ICMP Flood Attack, IP Fragment Flood,
                             IPv6 Related Attacks, and etc";




Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 42]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                          leaf syn-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Syn Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf udp-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               UDP Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf icmp-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               ICMP Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf ip-frag-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               IP Fragment Flood.";
                          }

                          leaf ipv6-related {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               IPv6 Related Attacks.";
                          }
                        }
                      }

                      container app-layer-ddos-attack {
                        description
                          "Application layer DDoS-attack.";

                        container app-ddos-attack-types {
                          description
                            "Application layer DDoS-attack types:
                             Http Flood Attack, Https Flood Attack,
                             DNS Flood Attack, and
                             DNS Amplification Flood Attack,
                             SSL DDoS Attack, and etc.";



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 43]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                          leaf http-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Http Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf https-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Https Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf dns-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               DNS Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf dns-amp-flood {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               DNS Amplification Flood Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf ssl-ddos {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               SSL Flood Attack.";
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  }

                  container single-packet-attack {
                    description
                      "Single Packet Attacks.";
                    container single-packet-attack-type {
                      description
                        "DDoS-attack types: Scanning Attack,
                         Sniffing Attack, Malformed Packet Attack,
                         Special Packet Attack, and etc.";




Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 44]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                      container scan-and-sniff-attack {
                        description
                          "Scanning and Sniffing Attack.";
                        container scan-and-sniff-attack-types {
                          description
                            "Scanning and sniffing attack types:
                             IP Sweep attack, Port Scanning,
                             and etc.";

                          leaf ip-sweep {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               IP Sweep Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf port-scanning {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Port Scanning Attack.";
                          }
                        }
                      }

                      container malformed-packet-attack {
                        description
                          "Malformed Packet Attack.";
                        container malformed-packet-attack-types {
                          description
                            "Malformed packet attack types:
                             Ping of Death Attack, Teardrop Attack,
                             and etc.";

                          leaf ping-of-death {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Ping of Death Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf teardrop {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Teardrop Attack.";
                          }
                        }



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 45]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


                      }

                      container special-packet-attack {
                        description
                          "special Packet Attack.";
                        container special-packet-attack-types {
                          description
                            "Special packet attack types:
                             Oversized ICMP Attack, Tracert Attack,
                             and etc.";

                          leaf oversized-icmp {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Oversize ICMP Attack.";
                          }

                          leaf tracert {
                            type string;
                            description
                              "Additional Inspection of
                               Tracrt Attack.";
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  }
              }
          }
      }
    }
  }

  <CODE ENDS>

         Figure 5: YANG Data Module of I2NSF NSF-Facing-Interface

7.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no additional security threats and SHOULD
   follow the security requirements as stated in [RFC8329].

8.  Acknowledgments

   This work was supported by Institute for Information & communications
   Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government
   (MSIP) (No.R-20160222-002755, Cloud based Security Intelligence



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 46]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   Technology Development for the Customized Security Service
   Provisioning).

9.  Contributors

   I2NSF is a group effort.  I2NSF has had a number of contributing
   authors.  The following are considered co-authors:

   o  Hyoungshick Kim (Sungkyunkwan University)

   o  Daeyoung Hyun (Sungkyunkwan University)

   o  Dongjin Hong (Sungkyunkwan University)

   o  Liang Xia (Huawei)

   o  Tae-Jin Ahn (Korea Telecom)

   o  Se-Hui Lee (Korea Telecom)

10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for the
              Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              October 2010.

   [RFC8329]  Lopez, D., Lopez, E., Dunbar, L., Strassner, J., and R.
              Kumar, "Framework for Interface to Network Security
              Functions", RFC 8329, February 2018.

10.2.  Informative References

   [i2nsf-nsf-cap-im]
              Xia, L., Strassner, J., Basile, C., and D. Lopez,
              "Information Model of NSFs Capabilities", draft-ietf-
              i2nsf-capability-00 (work in progress), September 2017.

   [i2rs-rib-data-model]
              Wang, L., Chen, M., Dass, A., Ananthakrishnan, H., Kini,
              S., and N. Bahadur, "A YANG Data Model for Routing
              Information Base (RIB)", draft-ietf-i2rs-rib-data-model-10
              (work in progress), February 2018.




Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 47]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   [supa-policy-info-model]
              Strassner, J., Halpern, J., and S. Meer, "Generic Policy
              Information Model for Simplified Use of Policy
              Abstractions (SUPA)", draft-ietf-supa-generic-policy-info-
              model-03 (work in progress), May 2017.














































Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 48]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


Appendix A.  Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface-dm-01

   The following changes are made from draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-
   interface-dm-00:

   1.  We added rule enable, session aging time, and long connection
       attributes.

   2.  We added a rule group attribute.

   3.  We added additional conditions such as application and url.

   4.  We replaced manual to description to clarify the meaning.

Authors' Addresses

   Jinyong Tim Kim
   Department of Computer Engineering
   Sungkyunkwan University
   2066 Seobu-Ro, Jangan-Gu
   Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do  16419
   Republic of Korea

   Phone: +82 10 8273 0930
   EMail: timkim@skku.edu


   Jaehoon Paul Jeong
   Department of Software
   Sungkyunkwan University
   2066 Seobu-Ro, Jangan-Gu
   Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do  16419
   Republic of Korea

   Phone: +82 31 299 4957
   Fax:   +82 31 290 7996
   EMail: pauljeong@skku.edu
   URI:   http://iotlab.skku.edu/people-jaehoon-jeong.php


   Jung-Soo Park
   Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
   218 Gajeong-Ro, Yuseong-Gu
   Daejeon  34129
   Republic of Korea

   Phone: +82 42 860 6514
   EMail: pjs@etri.re.kr



Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 49]


Internet-Draft    NSF-Facing Interface YANG Data Model         July 2018


   Susan Hares
   Huawei
   7453 Hickory Hill
   Saline, MI  48176
   USA

   Phone: +1-734-604-0332
   EMail: shares@ndzh.com


   Qiushi Lin
   Huawei
   Huawei Industrial Base
   Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129
   China

   EMail: linqiushi@huawei.com


































Kim, et al.              Expires January 3, 2019               [Page 50]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.127, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/